The Filioque and the "Field Hands"

Last year this blog featured Frederick Gere and Milton Williams’ The Winds of God, which was one of the earliest Episcopal “folk Masses” produced.  Attempting to break out of the traditional Episcopal mould of music, the folk Mass featured several types of music.  One of them was the Nicene Creed, where choir director Milton Williams sang it antiphonally with the choir responding.

Antiphonal music isn’t a novelty in the Anglican world, but the style is.  Rather than drawing from the English tradition, Williams turned to an African-American style.  It had its roots in slavery and agricultural work; the rhythmic music helped to ease the hard tedium of working in the fields in the hot South.  It appears in compositions such as Scott Joplin’s Treemonisha (which I highly recommend you see if you get the chance).

The “field hands” Williams had to work with were the youth of St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Burlingame, CA.  Although the result is quite charming, I’m sure that Williams got a good laugh at the business of having a largely white, middle class choir singing in a style which had been (and probably still was at the time) sung by poor black people picking cotton.

And, of course, the Nicene Creed sung included the “filoque” clause, which has created such a headache these days in the Anglican-Episcopal world.

It’s been a long time since this was recorded, but some more contemporary observations are in order.

The first is a question: how many of these fine Episcopal youth “stayed on the plantation” after the convulsions of the 1960’s and 1970’s turned into the church’s first major shedding of membership?

The second is that, during the second shedding of membership, the orthodox African provinces came and helped give cover to the “Anglican Revolt”.  The Africans also found out that some of the “field hands” they took on weren’t as amenable to oversight as expected, which only shows that some people are better at dishing it out than taking it.

Newbury Park

Newbury Park (Cream CR-9003)

Most Christian albums in the 1970’s eschewed secular labels and concert venues, nurturing the developing Christian sub-culture and being evangelistic in the process. This album and group were an exception, although their later work was more distinctively Christian.

But if you like the 1960’s with its “Sunshine music” (like the Mamas and the Papas,) social commentary and strange love songs, this is the album for you. It is an unabashedly “period piece,” and sounds good in the process. In spite of pieces like “I Wanna Come Home”, it’s a fun album.  (Personally, after putting this together, I smile at “My Own 1889”.) Newbury Park could have been a much bigger group had others not beaten them to their genre, but the passage of time makes this album an enjoyable–and sometimes spiritual–voyage through an era that haunts us to this day.

The Songs:

  1. My God And I
  2. I Will Take You There
  3. I Wanna Come Home
  4. Green Tambourine
  5. Hey Little One
  6. Zip A Dee Doo Dah
  7. My Own 1889
  8. When I Am Young
  9. You Only Know Me
  10. Afternoon Sky
  11. Love Now
  12. Zig Zag People

No More Time to Run: My Response to the Newtown, CT School Shootings

Events like the Newtown, CT school shootings simply leave one numb.  As one who moves in the halls of academia, the possibility of something like that happening is one that crosses the mind.  When it does take place, it hurts.

Not so far from Newtown is Danbury, CT.  Years ago a group of very accomplished musicians from there made an album entitled Outpouring, and podcasting its ending track No More Time to Run is my response, poor though it may be, to this tragedy.  It not only comes from the area but is right for the season as well.

My prayers are with the families and others who have come through this.

The Best Part of Being an Aggie

Although the “official” entry of Texas A&M to the SEC was 1 July, the “grand entrance” (and for a Palm Beacher, the importance of this cannot be understated) will be this Saturday, when the Florida Gators visit Kyle Field.  One serious question, of course, is whether Kyle Field will stay, be remodelled, or built somewhere else, but that’s another story.

For Aggies living in Texas (and that’s most of them) entering the SEC wasn’t an obvious choice, and for some it was controversial.  For those of us who live in SEC country, it was a dream come true.  After years of being “in the wilderness” we’ve suddenly awoken to being a real part of the region.  SEC team fans–and in these parts supporting a school is a primary or secondary religion, depending upon the person–haven’t grasped what having Texas A&M in the conference means just yet.  But they will.

The subject of religion, however, brings up what is, for me, the best part of being an Aggie.  Today Texas A&M is truly a world-class institution academically, and certainly in the scientific and engineering fields being an Aggie is a major plus.  But beyond that my time at A&M was crowned not only by my academic accomplishments but more than that by the spiritual transformation that took place.

The backdrop to that transformation took place my last year in prep school, when I “swam the Tiber” and became a Roman Catholic.  Doing that not only got me out of a church being taken over by revisionists; it also broke me out of the élite cocoon that Palm Beach Episcopalianism had me in.  Both of these were crucial for what followed at Texas A&M.

Like everything else about the place, the set-up for Catholicism around Texas A&M was different.  For one thing, the distinction between the outreach to the students–the Texas A&M Newman Association–and the community–St. Mary’s Parish–were very much intertwined.   My first year I stayed out of Newman, but became a lector and got to vote in my first parish council election.  The last was slightly hilarious because my Calculus I teacher, an ex-seminarian, was running, and my voting against him did not prevent his successful election.

The second year was another story.  I decided to get involved in Newman.  Newman had very strong group cohesion, one which was partly a product of the spiritual movement there and partly a by-product of Aggie culture.  There I met people of my age who were serious Christians, something I had never done before.  They challenged me in ways that I had not experienced before.  They also introduced me to a coffeehouse ministry which, although a non-denominational counselling centre, had about a third of its staff as Roman Catholics.

My reaction to this was a combination of interest and reservations.  The interest of course was in the strong Christian fellowship to which I was instinctively attracted to.  That is what the New Testament had in mind, but up to then I had never seen it.  It was also good to run with people who put God first.

The reservations were along two lines.  The first was the distinctively anti-intellectual tendency of most of the Christians around me.  That was part and parcel with a good deal of the “Jesus Movement” Christianity of the era, a reaction to what the liberals had done with the faith.  But my intellectual interests were the opposite, primarily St. Thomas Aquinas.  But that in turn ran counter to a good deal of post-Vatican II Catholicism.

The second was the gnawing feeling that a great deal that I was experiencing was unsustainable.  I tend to spend too much time in the future; what would happen when the party was over?  And, coming from where I did, I realised that there were many out there who would shut the party down if they had a chance.  (The jury is still very much out on whether they will pull this off or not).

The result of this conflict was a year and a half internal tug of war, writing this in the middle of the thing.  But in the end–with some help from my parish priest back home–I made the decision to “go with the flow” in the living water.  The result was a grand last year at A&M, which offset my parents’ crumbling marriage back home and a challenging senior year in engineering.

I would be the first to admit that people in those times got into many strange things.  But Aggies are a practical bunch.  Most of the people I knew ended up in successful careers, stable marriages and families, and a continued commitment to God.  That kind of practicality made it easier to avoid things like covenant communities or outright communes.

That’s the kind of thing you like to take away from your time at university.  Texas A&M is more than an institution of higher learning; it is an experience, one like no other.  For me, the core of that was the spiritual transformation.  People say that an education cannot be taken away from you; in this case, the positive result is eternal.

Stewart Henderson: Whose Idea of Fun is a Nightmare

(Dovetail DOVE 35) 1975

One of the most difficult genres of albums to sell is the spoken word. That’s because it’s not easy to sustain the listener’s interest over a sustained period. Long talking head videos have the same problem.

This album is a glorious exception to that. Henderson, originally from Liverpool, regales us with hilarious (and profound) humour that entertains, holds the interest and provokes thought. He uses some interesting music to spice things up as well. It’s too English in spots for Americans to fully grasp, and some of his humour is a little dated, but this gem shows that Christian comedy doesn’t have to be banal.

Henderson, a poetry reader for the BBC, is presently collaborating with Martyn Joseph on their CD Because We Can.

The poems (for individual download:)

    1. Intro
    2. And I Received A Vision
    3. Way Past My Birth Time
  1. My Garden used To Look Ever So Nice
  2. Mind The Doors
  3. Yours, Not Ours
  4. Vegetarian Love Poem
  5. Splintered Messiah
  6. She Wrote This Poem, I Just Typed The Words
  7. To Write Of Love
  8. I Die Now
  9. I’m Dousing Myself With Cosmetics
  10. Crack, Rap, Snap
  11. Incident From A Sleeping Head
  12. Hammersmith Dream
  13. Typewriter Poem
  14. Poem For A Big Al
  15. Who Never Gets In The New Year’s Honours List

Phoenix Sonshine: Shinin’ In The Light

(Destiny D-4404-S) 1971

“Jesus Music” was, by definition, evangelistic. It also tended to be folksy; there were many in the movement who had strong reservations about the use of straight-up rock ‘n roll for Christian music. (There were others who didn’t, but I digress.)

Phoenix Sonshine epitomised that sound and that message with this evangelistic, folksy album. It gets a little into folk-rock, a livelier sound than, say, The Way. It’s not as well polished as this production.  But the best thing to do with this music is to get saved.

More information on this album (and its performers) can be found on Waxidermy.

The songs:

  1. That’s A Start
  2. New Love
  3. Faith
  4. Shinin’ In The Light
  5. Sing A Song Of Jesus
  6. He Died
  7. Love Of Jesus
  8. Lazarus
  9. Broken Wing

Interview with "They Will Know We Are Christians By Our Love" Peter Scholtes

This week I’m taking a little different tack by spotlighting an interview with Peter Scholtes, best known as the composer of “They Will Know We Are Christians By Our Love.”   Conducted by his stepdaughter Jenna, it’s a fascinating trip through his life, career as a priest in the South Side of Chicago, involvement in the civil rights movement, thoughts on Barack Obama (the interview was done before his run for president), and his thoughts on family life and other topics.

Scholtes lived long enough to see Obama exceed his expectations, as he passed away the year after Obama was elected president.  But he also highlights something that is easily forgotten in the current American climate: that a good deal of the output of the “Jesus Music” era came from what we would call the “religious left”.  The interview also shows Scholtes to be a more humble and self-effacing figure in the 1960’s than many of his contemporaries (and those who came after him on the Chicago scene).  Although he doesn’t discuss this in his interview, Scholtes used his music to inspire people within his congregation to do better things and be better people rather than to simply spend all of their energies forcing others to change.

Fruit of the Spirit: He Loves You and Me

Fruit of the Spirit
He Loves You and Me (Holiday 12101, 1976)

A great deal of the “Jesus Music” of the 1960’s and 1970’s was performed in coffee-houses. An innovative form of ministry, it broke with the “church” tradition (a breaking churches struggle with perpetuating until this day) and placed the gospel in a laid back venue. At the centre of the coffee-house was its band or group, performing evangelistic music (such as this, an actual coffee-house group) and making coming to Christ a much easier road for the portion of the generation that had turned its back on traditional church. The best known group in this genre was The Way, but there were many others.

But then we had the question: what kind of music? Some coffee-houses gravitated to a more rock style. But this was anathema to others. That was partly an extension of the old “drums in church” argument, but it went beyond that. There was a strong school of thought that the sheer “artlessness” of much of the Jesus Music of the era was in fact spiritual, that venturing into “fancy” instrumentals was worldly. (And these same people went home and put Phil Keaggy’s What a Day on…) Unfortunately this argument also got a good deal of traction in Catholic Charismatic covenant communities, but that’s another post.

This album, from California, sends all of this kind of argumentation to the bottom. It eschews the percussion all right, but the acoustic guitar work (six and twelve string) is masterful, as is the interplay between the male and female vocals. It adds artistry to the message in a way that makes both very sweet, even when it branches out into country (why did we have to have Maranatha 4)?

It’s great music to listen to and even better music to get saved by. So what are you waiting for?

The songs:

  1. Won’t You Hear
  2. He’s Coming with the Angels
  3. The Rising Son
  4. Come to Him
  5. In the Beginning
  6. Tell Me Why
  7. I Cry
  8. Jesus I Love You
  9. Freely Be Yours
  10. As I Look
  11. He Loves You and Me

For more music, click here

Oasis: Smile for the Sun and Promised Land

Oasis was the touring group for Youth for Christ. As a result of that, their line-up was subject to frequent change, but in the course of that change they put out some pretty interesting music. The best known member of the group was the Scottish vocalist (and later co-hostess of the 700 Club) Shelia Walsh, whose own account is below.

Smile for the sun (Dovetail Dove 45, 1977)

The transient (and basically missionary) nature of the group is obvious in that all of the songs on the album (AFAIK) are covers.

In spite of these limitations, the album is better than it should be, with some credible performances and reasonable instrumental backing. (“Lovely Jesus,” for example, has much better vocals than Nancy Honeytree could manage!) “I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say” has an English folk rendering to it, and a very moving one at that. Most of the songs are in English.

The performers:

  • Heinz–manager, stage sound mixing
  • Fausto–guitar, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Ric–bass, vocals
  • Anke–vocals
  • Diana–vocals, percussion
  • Jürgen–drums, congas, vocals
  • John–guitars, banjo, dulcimer, harmonica, vocals
  • Hansi–Keyboards, vocals

The songs (for individual download):

  1. Teach Me To Love
  2. Who Is This Man?
  3. He Is The One
  4. Quand J’ai Vu Tes Mains
  5. Em Teu Tempo
  6. Happy Road
  7. Smile For The Sun
  8. Lovely Jesus
  9. Gott Ist Tatsächilich Da!
  10. I Heard The Voice of Jesus
  11. Dank U Heer

Promised Land (Dovetail Dove 52, 1978)

Ken Scott’s characterisation of this album as “stunning” is a bit of a stretch, but Promised Land is a major step up from the previous effort. The performances, songs and productions are generally good. Oasis managed to achieve what eluded most groups in the Jesus Music movement: retain the raw emotional appeal of the music while polishing the musicianship and production. (A good example of the contrary from the same native soil is Achor.) There are fewer covers here; one of them is Graham Kendrick’s Peter at the Breaking of the Bread, which is no better than the original (and mercifully no worse either.)

The Songs (for individual download:)

  1. Morning Sun
  2. Gevoel
  3. It Took A Carpenter
  4. As The Wind Blows
  5. Peace
  6. Promised Land
  7. Judas
  8. Smile For The Sun
  9. Peter At The Breaking Of The Bread
  10. Morning Sun (Reprise)

The one thing that makes this album really special is the presence of Shelia Walsh. Before her first husband Norman Miller turned her into Britain’s top Christian punkette, Walsh performed with Oasis for a season, and is featured prominently on this album. She is arguably the best female vocalist to come out of the UK during the “Jesus Music” era, and she is prominently featured here.

Years later she wrote of her experience with Oasis:

Friends of mine lived down in Eastborne in Sussex. They had a very successful recording studio (ICC Studios, where Smile for the sun and many of the Dove UK albums were recorded) and I popped down for a few days to see them. Andy (Kidd), the engineer (on this album), told me about a group had recorded there and were looking for a lead singer. Their name was Oasis and they worked with International Youth for Christ. I said that I’d love to know more and called them for me. The director, Ted Groat, flew over to London to audition me. I was petrified…He was a very tall, skinny man. He sat down at the piano, took my music, and began to play. I gripped the side of the piano till my knuckles were white and started to sing. When he said I’d got the job, I nearly passed out at his feet…

As I sat on a bumpy boat late and night, heading for Holland to join the rest of the group…an uneasiness crept over me. What was the Dutch for ‘I’d like to go home now, please’?…with the break of dawn the old pioneering spirit re-emerged. I met Oasis at breakfast. There were six of them, from different countries, and they had already been together for a year. I felt a bit lonely at first, as the other two girls were both Dutch and were good friends.

The vision behind Oasis was that we should travel all over Europe, singing in schools, clubs, and prisons, ministering as an effective evangelistic team. I asked who the leader was, and Ted said that we had yet to find a leader, but we wouldn’t begin touring until we had. We did! They had a lot of bookings for us and no-one emerged to lead, so we left on our own…

The style of Oasis was folk rock. I worked hard at learning all their songs. We travelled across Holland, Denmark, France, Switzerland, Belgium and England.

Our time in Denmark was really great. We were the first gospel group to be allowed to play in schools and clubs. The situation in that particular country was heartbreaking. May of the guys in the band were approached by twelve- to fourteen-year-old prostitutes. Teenage suicide and drug addiction were so common. I can clearly remember sitting in the stage wings of a Danish club, wanting to go on, and watching people smash beer bottles against our equipment. I remember thinking, ‘Lord, if you’re planning to return any time in the immediate future, this may be an opportune moment!’

It was incredible to see God change people’s lives as, night after night, we threw ourselves on his mercy. To know without a doubt that God’s word is true, that His strength is made perfect in our weakness, the written word becomes life-blood. It seems to me know that the fruit of the Spirit is always produced in a contrary environment–peace in turmoil, joy in sadness, love in a hate-filled world…

In many ways I found my time with Oasis one the hardest periods of my life, having no pastoral leader and no real home. As the months passed and our travels continued, I became very disillusioned. We were always working, so we never got to church, never really took in on a spiritual level, apart from our own hurried quiet times. We usually began our days with a morning concert in a school, another at lunchtime, evening gigs, and eventually fell into bed after midnight…

I decided that I was going to leave. I told my European YFC Director and he was furious with me, but I’d made up my mind. (Sheila Walsh, Never Give It Up. Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1986, pp. 27-30)

Achor: A Door of Hope, The Wine of Lebanon, and End of My Day

Achor was a church-based group from London. They produced (AFAIK) three albums, all of which are available on this page.

A Door Of Hope (Dove 18, 1975)

The first of the albums, a very folksy production more in line with the Fisherfolk/Word of God axis. Part of that includes singing in the Spirit, which one can hear on “Holy Father.” Their adaptation of American music styles sometimes borders on the hilarious, but overall it’s a very nice production.

The songs:

  • Valley of Achor
  • Jesus, How Lovely You Are
  • Father I Place
  • He Alone
  • We Are Never Alone
  • Great Grace
  • Make A Joyful Noise
  • Father, Your Love
  • Fear Not
  • Come Walk With Me
  • Lord I Feel
  • Holy Father

The Wine of Lebanon (Dove 46, 1976)

For this John Pantry production Achor centred on the vocals while getting some assist from others in the instrumental backup, which does give the album a lift.

The songs are uneven; some are very good while others uninspiring. But the “cockney” rendition of John 17 on “Lord Please make your people one” is absolutely priceless.

The performers:

  • Vocals: The group Achor, consisting of Claire White, Sue Martin, Irene Wilkie, Mavis Ford, Ann Smith, Chris Head, Alan Woodruff and Martin Lever
  • Acoustic Guitars: Chris Head and Claire White
  • Electric Guitar: Mo Witham
  • Chris Head and Gerry Page
  • Drums: Keith Entwhistle
  • Congas: Bernard G. Shaw
  • Flute/Clarinet: Robert McKay
  • String synthesizer/piano: John Pantry
  • Synthesizer: Joe King
  • Flute/Clarinet arrangements: Joe King
  • Vibes: Fred Chedgey

The songs (which can be downloaded individually:)

  1. Wine of Lebanon
  2. I will never leave you
  3. Changing
  4. Ask and it shall be given unto you
  5. Holy Nation
  6. I am completely discouraged
  7. Lord Please make your people one
  8. Fallow ground
  9. The House of Jacob
  10. You can hasten
  11. Father the time has come

End of My Day (Cedar 1) 1978

Is this the best or the worst of the Achor albums? That’s a matter of perspective. Certainly it’s the most polished of the three in terms of its production, instrumentation, etc. Vocals don’t necessarily follow; they don’t much have the hang of multi-part harmony. Somehow, it falls flat overall, it’s not a bad album, but it lacks the spontaneity and freshness of the earlier works while not quite advancing the quality of the music or lyrics as far as one would like.

The songs (which can be downloaded individually:)

  1. Have You Read The Papers
  2. His Kind Of Love
  3. Love Has Taken Me
  4. There Are Moments
  5. You Are The Christ
  6. Poem
  7. Misty Morning
  8. The End Of My Day
  9. Vision Of Your Kingdom
  10. I’m The Person-Father’s In His Sanctuary
  11. His Glory

For more music click here